ECUADOR CITIZENSHIP: Ecuadorian citizenship law is based on the Constitution of Ecuador of 1998.
- BY BIRTH: Child born within the territorial limits of the Republic of Ecuador, regardless of the nationality of the mother or father.
- BY DESCENT:
- Child born abroad, of a native born Ecuadorian father or mother, who later becomes resident of the Republic or expresses the desire to be Ecuadorian.
- Child born abroad, of a native born Ecuadorian father or mother, while either parent carried out an official appointment or was exiled for political reasons, unless he or she expresses a desire (regarding the child’s citizenship) to the contrary.
- BY NATURALIZATION: Ecuadorian citizenship can be applied for upon fulfillment of certain (unspecified) conditions.
- Person obtains naturalization according to the Laws (unspecified) of Ecuador.
- Marriage to an Ecuadorian national does not automatically confer citizenship, but it does aid in expediting the naturalization process.
- Congress can grant a person citizenship as a reward for important services to the country.
ECUADOR DUAL CITIZENSHIP: NOT RECOGNIZED
Exception: Dual nationality is recognized between Ecuador and Spain by treaty between the two countries.
ECUADOR LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP:
- VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation of citizenship can be accomplished through any Ecuadorian embassy abroad. The embassy will report the renunciation to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Ecuador, which will register the renunciation in the Civilian Registry. Once registered, the person will cease to be a citizen of Ecuador.
- INVOLUNTARY: The following is grounds for involuntary loss of Ecuadorian citizenship: Person voluntarily acquires foreign citizenship other than Spain.
For more detailed information and advice on citizenship, please Contact EFSAG.