VIETNAM CITIZENSHIP: Based upon the Law of Vietnamese Nationality, which was last revised on July 15, 1988. New citizenship laws were passed in 1999 but have not yet been implemented.
The U.S. State Department, which provided English translation of Vietnamese Law, is the best available source of information. Information from Vietnamese government sources was not readily available or provided.
- When the nationality of parents changes, all of their children 18 and under are automatically included in any change.
- The adoption or loss of Vietnamese nationality by one of the spouses does not change the nationality of the other.
- BY BIRTH: Birth within the Republic of Vietnam does not automatically confer citizenship. Exceptions: A child born in Vietnam to parents who are stateless and have permanent residence in Vietnam; a child found abandoned within the territory of Vietnam.
- BY DESCENT:
- Child, both of whose parents are citizens of Vietnam, regardless of the child’s country of birth.
- Child, one of whose parents is a citizen of Vietnam and the other is stateless, regardless of the child’s country of birth.
- Child, one of whose parents is a citizen of Vietnam and the other is a foreign national, if the child was born in Vietnam or the parents had permanent residence in Vietnam at the time of birth.
- BY NATURALIZATION: Vietnamese citizenship may be obtained upon fulfillment of the following conditions: Person is at least 18 years of age, knows the Vietnamese language, and has lived in Vietnam at least five years.
VIETNAM DUAL CITIZENSHIP: NOT RECOGNIZED.
VIETNAM LOSS OF CITIZENSHIP: Renunciation of Vietnamese citizenship is not allowed if it affects the national security.
- VOLUNTARY: Voluntary renunciation for legitimate reasons is permitted under Vietnamese law. Renunciations must be made in the country. Procedures for voluntary renunciation were not provided. Persons falling into certain categories are not permitted to renounce citizenship. Those people are:
- Persons in the service of the military.
- Persons with unpaid taxes or other unpaid obligations.
- Persons under prosecution or serving a sentence.
- INVOLUNTARY: The following is grounds for involuntary loss of Vietnamese citizenship: Persons living abroad who are involved in acts seriously damaging the interests of Vietnam.
For more detailed information and advice on citizenship, please Contact EFSAG.